Use advanced book creation options in Pages

Learn how to use advanced options in Pages to fine tune or create a digital book in the EPUB book format.

The EPUB format is an open digital book (eBook) standard from the International Digital Publishing Forum. With Pages, you can export your documents in EPUB format so they can be read using iBooks on your iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, Mac, or with other third-party EPUB readers. This article provides in-depth instructions for creating a book in Pages.

To quickly create a book without having to do any special formatting, you can also use predesigned book templates in Pages.

Choose your format

You can create a book using any Pages template, or you can use templates specifically designed for creating books. Portrait book templates are based on word processing documents, and can be exported as Reflowable or Fixed layout EPUBs. Landscape book templates are based on page layout documents, and can be exported as Fixed layout EPUBs.

Choose Reflowable or Fixed layout depending on how you want your content to appear in the book.

  • Reflowable: If you want your content to accommodate different devices and orientations, choose Reflowable. In a Reflowable EPUB, text size scales and content repaginates according to the reader. Reflowable is best for documents that are mostly text.
  • Fixed layout: If you want the layout of each page in your document to stay the same, regardless of the device or orientation, choose Fixed layout. In a Fixed layout EPUB, users can zoom in and out, but text and content positions are fixed and don't reflow. Fixed layout is best for image-heavy or multi-column documents.

Features not supported or changed when exported to EPUB

These features from your Pages document are removed or changed when you export to EPUB, regardless of the layout you've chosen:

  • Smart-fields
  • Footnotes are converted to endnotes
  • Comments
  • Some image effects (like shadows)
  • Images greater than 4 megapixels are resized to 4 megapixels

Features available in Fixed layout only

These features from your Pages document are exported to EPUB with Fixed layout only. You can still export documents that include these features with Reflowable layout, but these features won't appear in the exported EPUB.

  • Headers and footers
  • Multiple columns
  • Page size
  • Page orientation
  • Page number and page count fields
  • Line spacing
  • Hyphenation
  • Selectable text inside shapes
  • Overlapping text and objects (for example, overlapping text with an image or shape)
  • Master objects
  • Text wrap around objects
  • Floating objects exported as floating, instead of converted to inline
  • Tab stops
  • Shadows / Reflections
  • Linked text boxes

Prepare a document

In Pages, you can export any page layout document to Fixed layout, and any word-processing document to Fixed layout or Reflowable layout.1 You can insert a table of contents into a book you create from a word-processing document. If you haven't inserted a table of contents, one will be automatically generated based on the paragraph styles you use. 

1 If you want to export as a Reflowable EPUB, use a word-processing document with inline images for best results.

Text size in Reflowable EPUBs

If you export your book as Reflowable, your text may look different when viewed in iBooks or other readers for a variety of reasons.

  • Readers can select the text size they prefer while reading the book in iBooks.
  • Text sizes you specify in your Pages document are converted to small, medium, or large in your book so text that is close in size within Pages may appear at the exact same size in the EPUB.
  • The book font is set to the font you selected in iBooks settings. 
  • Colors in the book might not be identical to those in your Pages document.

Use a table of contents

If you haven't inserted a table of contents into your Pages document before you export to EPUB, one will be automatically generated based on the paragraph styles you use. iBooks users can view this table of contents by choosing View > Show Table of Contents on Mac, or by tapping TOC icon    on iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch.

You can also create custom tables of contents in Pages for Mac.2

  1. From the Insert Menu, choose Table of Contents > Document. For each entry you want in the table of contents, make sure it has an appropriate paragraph style.
  2. With the table of contents selected, open the Format inspector. 
  3. In the Table of Contents pane, select all the paragraph styles that you want to appear in the table of contents. 
  4. Remove or add items by selecting or deselecting paragraph styles in the Table of Contents pane. 

2 You can't create or edit a table of contents in Pages for iOS or Pages for iCloud. To change which styles appear in the table of contents, open your document in Pages for Mac, then follow the instructions to create a custom table of contents in Pages for Mac.

About chapters in Reflowable EPUBs

Pages automatically creates chapter breaks based on paragraph styles. To get started, select the name of the first chapter in your book. Then, apply a title or heading paragraph style such as Title, Heading, Heading 2, Heading 3, or Heading Red. Each time you use this style, the content that follows becomes a new chapter in the EPUB. If you use the EPUB template, use the Chapter Name style to designate where your chapters should break. A page break will be inserted between chapters in a Reflowable EPUB.

Use objects in Reflowable EPUBs

For best results with Reflowable EPUBs, reformat any images, shapes, or other objects in your document to make them inline objects.

  1. Select or insert an object.
  2. Click or tap Format inspector button.
  3. Click or tap Arrange.
  4. Select "Move with Text."
  5. Select "Inline with Text" from the Text Wrap menu.

Add a book cover

When you export your book, you can choose the type of cover you want for your book. The cover shows up in a user's iBooks library or as the icon on their computer.

If you choose "Choose an image", you can add a cover image from your iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, Mac, or PC. Your cover image can be PDF, EPS, JPG, PSD, PNG, TIFF, or GIF format, but must be under 4 megapixels.

If you choose "No book cover", your book uses the generic icon in your iBooks library.

Export to EPUB book

You can export your document in the EPUB format in Pages for Mac, Pages for iOS, or online at iCloud.com.

Export with Pages for Mac

  1. Open your document in Pages for Mac.3
  2. Choose File > Export To > EPUB.
  3. Type in the Title and Author.
  4. Choose the type of cover for your EPUB book. Learn more about covers.
  5. Choose the layout style you want to use. Learn how to choose the best layout for your project. When exporting a Page Layout document, it's automatically exported with a Fixed layout.
  6. Under Advanced Options, select a Primary Category and a Language for your book.
  7. To make sure the fonts you chose for your document appear in the EPUB, select Embed Fonts. If you deselect Embed Fonts, your chosen font defaults to the preferred font of the reader's application. Pages can embed OpenType (OTF) and TrueType (TTF) fonts.
  8. Click Next.
  9. Enter a name for your EPUB file, then click Export.
  10. After you export your file, add it to iBooks to view it.

Export with Pages for iOS

  1. Open your document in Pages for iOS.3
  2. Tap More icon.
  3. Tap Export.
  4. Choose EPUB.
  5. Type in the Title and Author.
  6. Choose the type of cover for your EPUB book. Learn more about covers
  7. Tap the layout style you want to use. Learn how to choose the best layout for your project. When exporting a Page Layout document, it's automatically exported with a Fixed layout.
  8. Tap Advanced.
  9. Choose a Category and Language for your book. 
  10. To make sure the fonts you chose for your document appear in the EPUB, select Embed Fonts. If you deselect Embed Fonts, your chosen font defaults to the preferred font of the reader's application. Pages can embed OpenType (OTF) and TrueType (TTF) fonts.
  11. Keep iBooks Store Compatibility turned on if you want to convert movies that aren't compatible with iBooks Store to images. If you turn off iBooks Store Compatibility, the movie might not be playable in the reader's application.
  12. Tap Back.
  13. Tap Send to share your EPUB.

3 If you've tracked changes in the document you want to export, accept or reject any changes and stop tracking changes before you export. Tracked changes are automatically accepted if no specific action is taken. 

Export with Pages for iCloud

  1. Open your document in Pages for iCloud.
  2. Click iCloud settings button, then choose "Download a Copy."
  3. Click EPUB in the download window that appears.
  4. Type in the Title and Author.
  5. Choose the Cover style for your EPUB. Learn more about covers.
  6. Choose your layout style. Learn how to choose the best layout for your project. If you're using a Page Layout document, you must export with Fixed layout.
  7. In Advanced, choose a Category and Language for your book.
  8. Click Download.

Publish your book

You can make your book available on iBooks for free or for sale

  1. Make sure you have an iTunes Connect account for iBooks.
  2. Sign in to iTunes Producer.
  3. Enter the book’s metadata, rights, and pricing information, then add your EPUB to the Files pane.
  4. Save the changes and click Submit.

Information about products not manufactured by Apple, or independent websites not controlled or tested by Apple, is provided without recommendation or endorsement. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the selection, performance, or use of third-party websites or products. Apple makes no representations regarding third-party website accuracy or reliability. Risks are inherent in the use of the Internet. Contact the vendor for additional information. Other company and product names may be trademarks of their respective owners.

Published Date: