What’s it called on my Mac?
If you’re not sure what something is called on a Mac, here’s a list of Windows and Mac terms to help you find what you’re looking for.
Note: On a portable Mac, you must press and hold the Fn key before pressing the other keys of a shortcut; for example, press Fn-Control-F2.
To enter special characters, press and hold the Option key in combination with letter keys. For example, to enter é, press Option-E, then press the E key again.
To use the keyboard to open menus in the menu bar at the top of the screen, press Control-F2, then use the arrow keys to select a menu. Press Return to open the selected menu, then use the arrow and Return keys again to choose menu options.
To switch between open apps, press Command-Tab. Release the keys when the app you want is selected.
To see all the open windows in the current app, press and hold its icon in the Dock. Release the trackpad or mouse when thumbnail images of the windows appear. To see another app’s windows, press Tab.
To close a window, click the red button in the top-left corner of a window.
To perform actions or shortcuts, use the Command key with keyboard combinations. For example, pressing Command-S usually saves a document or file.
To customize your Mac, choose Apple menu > System Preferences.
You can set options to, for example, change the size and location of the Dock, apply a light or dark appearance, use a different desktop picture, and more.
System Information gives you detailed information about your Mac hardware and software. Choose Apple menu > About This Mac.
Disk drive eject button
Media Eject key
To open and close the optical drive, press the Media Eject key ⏏ on your keyboard. To eject disks in other types of drives (or if your keyboard doesn’t have the Media Eject key), select the disk in the Finder, then choose File > Eject.
To exit from an app, choose Quit from the app menu. (The app menu is labeled with the app’s name; for example, Safari or Mail.)
To see all your open windows, press the Mission Control key (or use the Control Strip) or press Control-Up Arrow.
To temporarily move all windows so you can see the desktop, press the Command and Mission Control keys at the same time.
Dashboard includes widgets to do things like take notes, monitor stocks, and show the weather.
To open Dashboard, click the Launchpad icon in the Dock (or tap in the Control Strip).
You can also get quick information in Today view in Notification Center. To open Notification Center, click its icon in the menu bar.
Microsoft Photo Editor
Use the Photos app to import photos (and videos) from an iOS device or camera, view and edit your photos, share your photos, and more.
If you have a one-button mouse and want to open a shortcuts menu, press and hold the Control key as you click.
Magic Mouse, Mighty Mouse, or Apple Mouse
If you have a Magic Mouse or other multiple-button mouse, you can customize the buttons by choosing Apple menu > System Preferences, then clicking Mouse.
My Computer, This PC
In the Finder, choose Go > Computer
You see disks connected to your Mac, CDs and DVDs inserted in your optical disc drive, network volumes you’re connected to, and any disk partitions you have.
My Documents, Documents folder
To store a document, use the Documents folder. To see your Documents folder, open a Finder window, then click Documents in the sidebar.
My Pictures, Pictures folder
The Pictures folder is located in your home folder. In the Finder, choose Go > Home.
My Recent Documents
As you open apps and files, their names are kept in the Recent Items list in the Apple menu. You can use Recent Items to quickly reopen apps and documents.
Many apps include an Open Recent command in the File menu that lists documents you worked on recently.
To configure network settings, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, then click Network.
For help setting up or solving network problems, click “Assist me” in Network preferences.
On-Screen Keyboard (OSK)
To open the Keyboard Viewer, in the menu bar click the Input menu (identified by the Show Emoji & Symbols icon or an input method character), then choose Show Keyboard Viewer.
If you don’t see the menu, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, click Keyboard, click Keyboard, then select “Show keyboard and emoji viewers in menu bar.”
Performance control panel
To see how your Mac is performing and which processes it’s running, open Activity Monitor (located in the Utilities folder in the Applications folder).
Printers & scanners
Printers & Scanners preferences
To select and set up printers, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, then click Printers & Scanners.
To take a picture of the entire screen, press Shift-Command-3. To take a picture of part of the screen, press Shift-Command-4, then drag the pointer to select an area.
For quick access to all your apps and utilities, click the Launchpad icon in the Dock (or tap in the Control Strip).
To see information about a file, folder, disk, server, or other item, select it in the Finder, then choose File > Get Info. In the Info window, you can set ownership and permissions for the item. For files, you can select the app that you want to open the file.
To delete files and folders, drag them to the Trash in the Dock. To permanently delete the files, choose File > Empty Trash.
To find files, documents, apps, email, and other items, click the Spotlight icon in the menu bar, then enter a word or phrase.
Many apps, such as the Finder, Mail, and Contacts, provide a search field in the toolbar where you can quickly search for items in the app.
To make an alias, select the file or app, then choose File > Make Alias.
Press Shift-Command-5 to display Screenshot and take screenshots or screen recordings of windows, the whole screen, or a portion of the screen.
Sleep is a low-power mode. To put your computer to sleep, choose Apple menu > Sleep.
Start menu and Task bar
Use the Dock to open your favorite apps, files, folders, and websites. By default, the Dock appears at the bottom of the screen. To add a file or folder to the Dock, drag it to the right of the Dock’s separator line.
To find files, email, and other items, click the Spotlight icon in the menu bar.
Status menus appear as icons in the right half of the menu bar. Use status menus to connect to a wireless network, check the battery status of your portable Mac, and more.
To see how your Mac is performing and which processes it’s running, open Activity Monitor (located in the Utilities folder, which is in the Applications folder).
To organize files, folders, and apps, use the Finder. To open a Finder window, click the desktop, then choose File > New Finder Window.
Windows Media Player
To play movies and music, use QuickTime Player.
To listen to music CDs, purchase music from the iTunes Store, and create your personal digital music library, use iTunes.
To download video from your digital video camera and create your own movies, use iMovie.
Ask Siri to do things like open files or apps, or find things on your Mac or on the Internet. You can easily keep your Siri results handy on the desktop or in Notification Center.
To use Siri, click the Siri icon in the menu bar (or use the Touch Bar).