If Time Machine takes a long time to back up

Time Machine is designed to work in the background, without interfering with the regular operation of your computer. Time Machine backs up only the changes since your last backup, so after your first backup, future backups should be faster. 

Check for large, frequently updated files

Some apps store data in unusually large files that the app updates frequently. Backing up such files can be time consuming, and Time Machine will back them up every time it sees the file has changed.

You can find large and frequently accessed documents on your Mac, then choose whether to exclude such files from your Time Machine backup.

Or contact the app developer to find out how to best use their app with Time Machine.

Check for apps that keep your backup disk busy

Some apps, such as antivirus utilities, may keep your backup disk busy by frequently accessing the disk to find or save items. Find out whether the app's settings can be changed to prevent that, and use your Time Machine backup disk only for Time Machine.

Connect the backup disk directly to your Mac

If you're using your Time Machine backup disk over a network, backup speed will be affected by the performance of your network. You may get better performance by connecting the backup disk directly to your Mac.

Upgrade macOS and use an APFS-formatted backup disk

If you're using the same Time Machine backup disk you were using before upgrading to macOS Big Sur or later, follow these steps:

  1. Make sure you're using macOS Big Sur or later. Find out which macOS your Mac is using.
  2. Select your backup disk in the Finder.
  3. Choose File > Get Info from the menu bar. In the Info window that opens, look for the item labelled Format. 
  4. If the format isn't APFS, but you want improved Time Machine performance, use Disk Utility to erase the backup disk using the APFS format. This permanently deletes any backups and other data on that disk. 
  5. Set up Time Machine to use the backup disk again. After the first backup has been completed, future backups should be faster.
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