Final Cut Pro X: Configure audio role assignment during import
By default, when you import media clips (video, audio, or still images), Final Cut Pro analyzes existing clip metadata to assign one of five default roles to the video and audio components of each clip: Video, Titles, Dialogue, Music, or Effects. (Specifically, Final Cut Pro assigns a subrole of one of the default roles to each video or audio component.)
You can adjust the assignment of audio roles on import in two ways: by setting the role assignment manually or by having Final Cut Pro create custom roles automatically while importing media files with iXML metadata.
Override automatic role assignment for audio files during import
For any given import session, you can override the automatic role assignment process so that every imported audio component is assigned a role of your choosing. You can specify one of the three default audio roles or a custom role that you create. When you import with this setting enabled, Final Cut Pro assigns a unique subrole (from the role you specify) to every component in each clip.
For example, imagine that you’ve recorded several hundred natural sound files for use as Foley sound effects in your video project. By default, Final Cut Pro assigns the Dialogue role to natural sound recordings (with no additional metadata). Instead, you could assign the more appropriate Effects role to every clip in the import session.
To open the Import pane of Final Cut Pro preferences, choose Final Cut Pro > Preferences (or press Command-Comma), then click Import.
In the Audio Roles section, click the Assign Role pop-up menu and choose a role.
Note: The Assign Role pop-up menu also appears in the Audio Roles section on the right side of the Media Import window. All default and custom audio roles appear in this pop-up menu. For information about creating custom roles and subroles, see Create custom roles and subroles.
The role you chose is assigned to the imported clips. (More precisely, components in the imported clips are assigned subroles of the role you chose.)
You can change this and any other import preferences using the settings in the Media Import window or the Import pane of Final Cut Pro preferences. To revert to the default setting, so that roles are assigned automatically when you import clips, click the Assign Role pop-up menu and choose Automatically.
Create custom roles automatically during import using iXML metadata
Final Cut Pro can use the iXML metadata tags in an audio channel to create custom subroles and assign them to audio components during import.
For example, during production, a sound recordist might enter “Boom mic” and “Jessie lav mic” on the recording device to identify the audio channels of a recording. During import, Final Cut Pro can use the iXML names to create subroles named “Boom mic” and “Jessie lav mic” and assign them to the corresponding audio components in the imported clips.
Configure your recording device so that your recordings include iXML data.
For more information, see the documentation that came with your recording device.
On the device, enter the role name for each audio channel that should be assigned a role, then make your recordings.
To set Final Cut Pro to create roles automatically during import, choose Final Cut Pro > Preferences (or press Command-Comma), click Import, then make sure the “Assign iXML track names if available” checkbox is selected in the Audio Roles section.
Note: The “Assign iXML track names if available” checkbox also appears in the Audio Roles section on the right side of the Media Import window.
Import the files that include iXML metadata.
Final Cut Pro creates subroles with the names you entered in step 2 and assigns the subroles to the corresponding components in the imported clips.
Tip: You can use the manual override setting and the iXML method together. For example, if role override is set to a custom role named Location Sound and “Assign iXML track names if available” is selected, imported clips will be assigned the Location Sound role, and subroles will be created from the iXML track names and assigned to the corresponding audio components. All of this occurs automatically on import, and the setting is retained for future import operations.