Final Cut Pro X: View and reassign roles

View and reassign roles

When you import clips (video, audio, or still images), Final Cut Pro analyzes existing clip metadata and automatically assigns roles to each clip. Specifically, Final Cut Pro assigns subroles to the video and audio components in each clip.

There are many ways to view and change the default role and subrole assignments. Proper role assignment is the key to organizing the timeline with audio lanes and using roles to export media stems.

Note: You can also create and assign custom roles and subroles. For more information, see Create custom roles and subroles.

In the Audio inspector (audio roles only)

  1. In the browser or the timeline, select a clip containing audio.

  2. If the inspector isn’t already shown, do one of the following:

    • Choose Window > Show in Workspace > Inspector (or press Command-4).

    • Click the Inspector button on the right side of the toolbar.

      The Inspector button in the toolbar
  3. Click the Audio button at the top of the inspector.

    The Audio button

    Tip: Double-click the top bar of the Audio inspector to switch between half-height view and full-height view.

  4. Scroll down to the Audio Configuration section.

    Note: You can drag the top edge of the Audio Configuration section to reveal all of its contents.

  5. To change the role assignment for an audio component, click its Roles pop-up menu and choose a different subrole.

    The Roles pop-up menu for an audio component

For more information about audio components, see About audio channels and audio components.

Using the shortcut menu

  1. Select one or more clips in the browser or the timeline.

  2. Control-click the selection and choose either Assign Audio Roles or Assign Video Roles, then choose a subrole from the submenu.

    A checkmark appears next to the subrole you chose.

Using the Modify menu

  1. Select one or more clips in the browser or the timeline.

  2. Choose Modify > Assign Audio Roles or Modify > Assign Video Roles, then choose a subrole from the submenu.

    A checkmark appears next to the subrole you chose.

In the browser

  1. In the browser in list view, select one or more clips.

  2. In the Roles column, click the assigned subrole for a clip to see a menu listing the available subroles.

    The Roles column of the browser in list view, showing a menu listing the available subroles

    If the Roles column isn’t visible in the browser, Control-click a column heading and choose Roles.

  3. To change the role assignment for the selection, choose a different subrole from the menu.

In the Info inspector

  1. Select one or more clips in the browser or the timeline.

  2. Do one of the following:

    • Choose Window > Show in Workspace > Inspector (or press Command-4).

    • Click the Inspector button on the right side of the toolbar.

      The Inspector button in the toolbar
  3. Click the Info button at the top of the inspector.

    The Info button
  4. In the Info inspector, click the Video Roles or Audio Roles pop-up menu to see the available subroles.

    Options in the Audio Roles pop-up menu in the Info inspector
  5. To change the role assignment for the selection, choose a different subrole from the Video Roles or Audio Roles pop-up menu.

In the timeline index

  1. To open the timeline index, click Index in the top-left corner of the timeline (or press Shift-Command-2).

  2. Click the Clips button at the top of the timeline index to open the Clips pane.

  3. If the roles columns aren’t visible in the Clips pane, Control-click a column heading and choose either Video Roles or Audio Roles.

    A menu for customizing the display of columns in the timeline index
  4. Select one or more clips in the Clips pane.

  5. To change the role assignment for the selection, click the assigned subrole and choose a different subrole.

    The Audio Roles column in the Clips pane of the timeline index, showing a menu listing the available subroles

Note: If you change a clip’s role assignment while audio lanes are shown in the timeline, the clip moves vertically in the timeline to its new audio lane. For more information, see Organize the timeline using audio lanes.

Published Date: Mar 22, 2019
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