If your external display is dark or low resolution
If your Mac is working, but the external display connected to it has a blank or black screen (no video) or can't use its highest resolutions or refresh rates, try these solutions.
Check cables and connections
Make sure that your external display's power cable and video cable are connected securely and correctly at both ends. Learn more about how to connect a display to your Mac.
Your external display will be dark or use a lower resolution or refresh rate if your video cable or any adapter you may be using with it doesn't support the resolution and refresh rate of the display. If you're using a Thunderbolt or USB-C adapter, it must also be compliant with DisplayPort Alt Mode, Thunderbolt 3, or Thunderbolt 4.
If the display is connected to a Mac laptop computer with a closed lid, make sure that the Mac is connected to power and using an external keyboard and mouse.
If your display is connected to a hub or dock, connect your display to a port directly on your Mac.
Find out what your Mac supports
Your external display will be dark if it exceeds the maximum number of external displays that your Mac can use at the same time. This limit varies by Mac model.
Your external display will be dark or use a lower resolution or refresh rate if you configure it to exceed the maximum supported resolution or refresh rate. This limit varies by Mac model, display, the video cable and adapter used with the display, and the resolution and refresh rate of other connected displays. Learn what to do if your screen became dark after you changed its resolution or refresh rate.
To find out how many external displays your Mac supports, and at which resolutions and refresh rates, check the specifications for your Mac model:
Detect your display
If your Mac can't detect your external display, your external display will be dark. Use one or more of these steps to try again to detect your display.
Disconnect the display from your Mac, then reconnect it. It might help to turn off the display first.
Put your Mac to sleep, then wake it. On Mac laptop computers, you can close the lid for a few seconds, then open the lid again.
Choose Apple menu > System Settings (or System Preferences), then click Displays. Press and hold the Option key to show the Detect Displays button, then click the button.
Restart your Mac. If you can't restart your Mac, press and hold its power button for about 10 seconds to turn it off. Then press and release the power button to turn it back on.
Allow your display to connect
When connecting a display to a Mac laptop computer with Apple silicon, your Mac might ask you to allow this accessory (your display) to connect. If you don't allow it to connect, your display remains dark. Learn more about allowing accessories to connect to Mac laptop computers.
Check display brightness
If your external display is dark, make sure that its brightness hasn't been turned down.
If your keyboard and external display are made by Apple, you can use theon the keyboard to increase brightness. Or choose Apple menu > System Settings (or System Preferences), then click Displays and use the brightness control there.
If your external display is not made by Apple, you might need to use its built-in controls and menu system to adjust brightness. If you can't do that and your display is dark, the display might not have power, or it might be malfunctioning.
Software can affect display detection, the quality of the image on your display, and the resolutions and refresh rates available to your display.
Install the latest macOS updates, which also deliver firmware updates for displays made by Apple.
If your display is not made by Apple, make sure that it's using the latest firmware from the manufacturer. Check your display's documentation or the manufacturer's website for details.
If you still need help
Make sure that your Mac itself is turning on. Learn what to do if your Mac doesn't turn on, or what to do if your Mac turns on but doesn't start up all the way.
If the display is working but its picture seems blurry, try changing the resolution. The display's default, native resolution might be sharper than a scaled resolution. Some third-party displays have built-in controls that you can use to adjust picture sharpness.
If you still need help, contact Apple Support.
Information about products not manufactured by Apple, or independent websites not controlled or tested by Apple, is provided without recommendation or endorsement. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the selection, performance, or use of third-party websites or products. Apple makes no representations regarding third-party website accuracy or reliability. Contact the vendor for additional information.