Reset NVRAM on your Mac

If one or more settings stored in NVRAM don't work as expected on an Intel-based Mac, resetting NVRAM might help.

Do you need to reset NVRAM?

NVRAM (or PRAM) is a small amount of memory that your Mac uses to store and quickly access certain system settings such as sound volume, display resolution, startup-disk selection, and time zone. These settings vary by Mac and the devices you're using with it.

Normally you can manage these settings in System Preferences, without resetting NVRAM. If one or more settings still don't work as expected, resetting NVRAM might help. Resetting NVRAM is also recommended as the final step before you sell, give away, or trade in an Intel-based Mac.

If you have a Mac with Apple silicon

Find out if you have a Mac with Apple silicon

The steps to reset NVRAM don't apply to Mac computers with Apple silicon, and aren't needed on those computers.

If you have an Intel-based Mac

If you're not using a Mac with Apple silicon, you're using an Intel-based Mac.

How to reset NVRAM

Hold Option, Command, P, R to reset NVRAM on an Intel-based Mac.
  1. Shut down your Mac.

  2. Turn on your Mac, then immediately press and hold these four keys together: Option, Command, P, R.

  3. Release the keys after about 20 seconds, during which your Mac might appear to restart. For example, you might hear a startup sound more than once, or see the Apple logo more than once.

  4. When your Mac finishes starting up, you might need to adjust any system settings that were reset.

Learn more

  • If your Mac doesn't seem to recognize Option-Command-P-R during startup, consult the guidelines for using startup key combinations.

  • If you're using a desktop Mac instead of a notebook, and settings such as sound volume or time zone are reset every time you shut down and unplug your Mac, you might need to have your Mac serviced to replace the small battery that NVRAM uses to retain settings when your Mac is unplugged.

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