macOS High Sierra

Interaction commands

Use these commands to perform actions such as interacting with items on the screen. VO represents the VoiceOver modifier.

Note: When VoiceOver is on, you can enter VoiceOver commands by using the Fn and number keys with the VoiceOver modifier, as an alternative to using the function keys (F1 through F12). For example, to open VoiceOver Utility you can press Control-Option-Fn-8 (instead of Control-Option-F8).

If you use the function keys (F1 through F12), you may need to press and hold the Fn key, depending on how you set the behavior of function keys in Keyboard preferences.

Start interacting with an item

VO-Shift-Down Arrow

Stop interacting with an item

VO-Shift-Up Arrow

Navigate without automatically interacting with a group on a webpage

VO-Shift-Left Arrow or Right Arrow

If Quick Nav is enabled, press Shift-Right Arrow or Left Arrow.

Perform the default action for the item in the VoiceOver cursor

VO-Space bar

Click the mouse

VO-Shift-Space bar

Double-click the mouse

VO-Shift-Space bar-Space bar

Start multiple selection in a list or table, and select each item

VO-Command-Return

To stop multiple selection, cut or copy the selected items, press the Escape key or Fn-Tab, or stop interacting with the list or table in which the items are located.

Perform a sticky mouse down or mouse up (for use when dragging an item from one location to drop in another location)

VO-Command-Shift-Space bar

Select a menu or list item

VO-Return

Open or close a disclosure triangle

VO-\

Describe an image or photo

VoiceOver describes text in images (even if an image isn’t annotated). It also describes objects in photos, such as a tree, a dog, or four faces with smiles.

VO-Shift-L

Read the row header in a table

VO-R

Read the contents of a table row from the location of the VoiceOver cursor to the end of the row

VO-R-R

Read the column header in a table

VO-C

Read the contents of a table column from the location of the VoiceOver cursor to the bottom of the column

VO-C-C

Read row and column numbers in a table

VO-Shift-T

Read the number of columns and rows (the dimensions) in a table

VO-Shift-T-T

Interact with scroll bars

VO-Shift-S

Then use the arrow keys to scroll up or down or side to side. To scroll vertically one page at a time, use Page Up and Page Down. To scroll horizontally one page at a time, use Shift-Page Up and Shift-Page Down.

Resize a window

VO-~

From the menu, choose Resize, Resize and Move to Grid, or Resize and Move to Section. Then navigate to a submenu where you can choose to resize an edge or corner, resize and move to an area of a grid (such as the top left), or resize and move to a section (such as the bottom half).

To resize an edge, use the VO and arrow keys (for example, press VO-Right Arrow to extend the right edge of a window).

To resize a corner, use the VO and two arrow keys (for example, press VO-Right Arrow-Up Arrow to extend the top-right corner of a window).

Move a window

VO-`

Then use the VO and arrow keys (for example, press VO-Left Arrow to move a window left). To move a window diagonally, use the VO and two arrow keys (for example, press VO-Left Arrow-Up Arrow to move a window diagonally left and up).

Resize an object

VO-Command-~

From the menu, choose Resize, Resize and Move to Grid, or Resize and Move to Section. Then navigate to a submenu where you can choose to resize an edge or handle, resize and move to an area of a grid (such as the top left), or resize and move to a section (such as the bottom half).

To resize an edge, use the VO and arrow keys (for example, press VO-Right Arrow to extend the right edge of an object).

To resize a handle, use the VO and two arrow keys (for example, press VO-Right Arrow-Up Arrow to extend the top right handle of an object).

Move an object

VO-Command-`

Then use the VO and arrow keys (for example, press VO-Left Arrow to move an object left). To move an object diagonally, use the VO and two arrow keys (for example, press VO-Left Arrow-Up Arrow to move an object diagonally left and up).

Stop scrolling or resizing

Escape or Fn-Tab

Create a custom label

VO-/

Close the current window or the selected desktop in Mission Control

VO-Command-Escape

Open the Actions menu

VO-Command-Space bar

Open the Activity Chooser (this command works only if you’re in an app or website for which you created an activity)

VO-X

Switch to the previous activity

VO-X-X