macOS High Sierra

Navigate webpages using DOM or group mode

VoiceOver provides two modes for navigating webpages: by a webpage’s Document Object Model (DOM), or by grouping related items. You can choose a mode to use as the default, and easily switch modes as needed.

Note: VO represents the VoiceOver modifier.

Set the default navigation mode

  • Open VoiceOver Utility (press VO-F8 when VoiceOver is on), click the Web category, click Navigation, then select “DOM order” or “Grouping items.”

Switch navigation modes

Do one of the following:

  • When VoiceOver is on, press VO-H-H to display the Commands menu, type “dom” to narrow the list of commands, then select Toggle Web Navigation DOM or Group.

  • Use VoiceOver Utility to assign the Toggle Web Navigation DOM or Group command to a key, then use that key to switch modes while navigating webpages. For more information, see Assign VoiceOver commands to keyboard or keypad keys.

Navigate by DOM

When you navigate by DOM, you move left and right, in the order set by the webpage’s author. (Moving up and down in DOM mode is based on the items included in the Rotor when viewing webpages.)

  • If a webpage contains lists, press the VoiceOver modifier with the arrow keys to navigate the list items (you don’t need to interact with the list).

Navigate by grouping items

When you navigate by group, you move in any direction, to help give you a sense of context.

  • If a webpage contains lists, interact with the list to navigate the list items. You don’t need to interact with groups that contain only one item.

When you navigate to a list, VoiceOver indicates the number of items in the list and when it has reached the end of the list.

If you use VoiceOver gestures, the current web navigation mode affects how you navigate webpages using the gestures rotor. In DOM mode, flicking up or down moves to the previous or next instance of the item that matches the current rotor setting. In group mode, flicking up or down moves to the previous or next group of related items.