HDR (high dynamic range)

Video stored in a format that processes higher levels of luminance (brightness) per color component to provide significant improvements in contrast, detail, and light levels over standard-dynamic-range (SDR) video. HDR can represent luminances as high as 10,000 nits (candelas per square meter) with a dynamic range of 14 stops or more, creating more realistic color transitions and revealing more detail in both shadows and highlights. HDR video is typically combined with wide-gamut color spaces such as Rec. 2020 or P3 D65 to deliver video any of several formats, including HDR10, Dolby Vision, and HLG (hybrid log-gamma).