Two-step verification for Apple ID
If you can't use two-factor authentication with your account, for example if your device uses iOS 8 or OS X Yosemite or earlier, you can keep your Apple ID secure with two-step verification instead.
Is two-step verification the same as two-factor authentication?
No. Two-factor authentication is a newer security method that's built directly into iOS, macOS, tvOS, watchOS, and Apple’s websites. It offers a more streamlined user experience and is required to use certain features that call for enhanced security. Two-factor authentication is available to iCloud users with at least one device using iOS 9 or OS X El Capitan or later.
If you have Apple devices that can be updated to iOS 9 or later or OS X El Capitan or later, you should set up two-factor authentication instead. If you use two-step verification for your Apple ID, and then you upgrade to iOS 11 or later, or macOS High Sierra or later, your security settings may be automatically upgraded to two-factor authentication.
Two-step verification is an older security method that is available to users who don’t have Apple devices, can’t update their devices, or are otherwise ineligible for two-factor authentication. You can no longer set up two-step verification for your Apple ID, but if you already use it, you can keep using it.
What is two-step verification for Apple ID?
Two-step verification is a security feature for Apple ID that’s designed to prevent anyone else from accessing or using your account, even if they know your password.
It requires you to verify your identity using one of your devices or another approved method before you can:
Sign in to your Apple ID account page
Sign in to iCloud on a new device or at iCloud.com
Sign in to iMessage or FaceTime*
Make an iTunes, Apple Books, or App Store purchase from a new device
Get Apple ID-related support from Apple
* FaceTime is not available in all countries or regions.
How does it work?
When you set up two-step verification, you register one or more trusted devices. A trusted device is a device you control that can receive 4-digit verification codes using either SMS or Find My iPhone. You're required to provide at least one SMS-capable phone number.
Then, any time you sign in to manage your Apple ID, sign in to iCloud, or make an iTunes, Apple Books, or App Store purchase from a new device, you need to verify your identity by entering both your password and a 4-digit verification code.
You enter your Apple ID and password as usual.
We send a verification code to one of your devices.
You enter the code to verify your identity and complete sign in.
After you sign in, you can securely access your account or make purchases as usual. Without both your password and the verification code, access to your account is denied.
You'll also get a 14-character Recovery Key to print and keep in a safe place. Use your Recovery Key to regain access to your account if you ever lose access to your trusted devices or SMS-capable phone number, or forget your password.
Do I still need to remember any security questions?
With two-step verification, you don't need to create or remember any security questions. Your identity is verified exclusively using your password, verification codes sent to your trusted devices or SMS-capable phone number, and your Recovery Key.
Which SMS numbers should I verify for my account?
You're required to verify at least one SMS-capable phone number for your account. You should consider verifying all SMS-capable phone numbers that you normally use with your iPhone or another mobile phone. You should also consider verifying an SMS-capable phone number used by someone close to you, such as a spouse or other family member. You can use this number if you're temporarily without access to your own devices.
You can't use landline or web-based (VOIP) phone services for two-step verification.
Add or remove an SMS number
Go to appleid.apple.com and enter your Apple ID and password.
In the Sign-In and Security section, click Account Security.
To add a number, enter the phone number then click Continue.
Enter the verification code texted to the phone number.
To remove a number, clicknext to the phone number you want to remove.
How do I use Find My iPhone notifications to receive verification codes?
Find My iPhone notifications can be used to receive verification codes on any iOS device with Find My iPhone turned on. Learn how to set up Find My iPhone.
What do I need to remember when I use two-step verification?
Two-step verification simplifies and strengthens the security of your Apple ID. After you turn it on, there's no way for anyone to access and manage your account other than by using your password, verification codes sent to your trusted devices or SMS-capable phone number, or your Recovery Key. Only you can reset your password, manage your trusted devices, or create a new Recovery Key. Apple Support can help you with other aspects of your service, but they aren't able to update or recover these three things for you. When you use two-step verification, you are responsible for:
Remembering your password
Keeping your trusted devices physically secure
Keeping your Recovery Key in a safe place
If you lose access to two of these three items at the same time, you could be locked out of your Apple ID permanently.
Where should I keep my Recovery Key?
Keep your Recovery Key in a secure place in your home, office, or other location. Consider printing more than one copy, so that you can keep your key in more than one place. Your key is easier to find if you ever need it, and you have a spare copy if one is ever lost or destroyed. You shouldn't store your Recovery Key on your device or computer, because that could give an unauthorized user instant access to your key.
If you ever need a new Recovery Key, learn how to create a new Recovery Key.
What if I lose my Recovery Key?
You can sign in to your Apple ID account page and create a new Recovery Key using your Apple ID password and one of your trusted devices.
Go to appleid.apple.com.
Sign in with your password and trusted device.
In the Sign-In and Security section, click Recovery Key > Change Recovery Key.
Keep your new Recovery Key in a safe place. Your old Recovery Key won't work anymore and you can't use it to reset your password or access your account. If you don't see Recovery Key in the Sign-In and Security section, then you are not using two-step verification.
How do I sign in to my account using an app that doesn't support entering two-step verification codes?
You can generate an app-specific password from your Apple ID account page and enter it into the password field of the app that you want to sign in to. This allows you to sign in securely even if the app you’re using doesn’t support entering verification codes. For example, you might use an app-specific password to sign in to iCloud using a third-party email, address book, or calendar app.
What if I forget my Apple ID password?
You can reset your password at iforgot.apple.com.
Apple Support can't reset your password for you. To reset your password, you must have your Recovery Key and access to at least one of your trusted devices.
What if I lose or give away one of my trusted devices?
If you no longer have access to one of your devices, remove that device from your list of trusted devices as soon as possible. That device can then no longer be used to help verify your identity.
What if I no longer have access to any of my trusted devices?
If you can't access any of your trusted devices, you can still access your account using your password and Recovery Key, or with your password and SMS-capable phone number.
Go to appleid.apple.com, click Sign In, and enter your Apple ID and password.
On the Verify your Identity screen, select "Can't access your trusted devices?".
In the pop-up window, enter your Recovery Key.
Go to the Devices section and remove the device you no longer wish to use to verify your identity.
How do I turn off two-step verification?
Make sure that you're still signed in to iCloud on each of your devices. You might be asked for your Apple ID password.
Sign in to appleid.apple.com.
In the Sign-In and Security section, click Account Security.
Click Turn Off two-step verification. Click again to confirm.
Create new security questions and verify your date of birth.
You'll get an email confirming that two-step verification for your Apple ID is off.
How do I switch from two-step verification to two-factor authentication?
If you're using two-step verification, we'll automatically update your account to two-factor authentication when you sign in to iOS 11 or later or macOS High Sierra or later. You can also manually switch your account from two-step verification to two-factor authentication using the steps below.
Confirm which feature you're using
If you're not sure if you set up two-step verification or two-factor authentication, use these steps:
Sign in to appleid.apple.com.
In the Sign-In and Security section, look for two-step verification or two-factor authentication under Account Security.
If two-step verification is on, continue with the steps to turn it off, then turn on two-factor authentication. If two-factor authentication is on, you're already set up.
Turn on two-factor authentication
Before you can turn on two-factor authentication, turn off two-step verification. Also remember to make sure that you're still signed in to iCloud on each of your devices. You might be asked for your Apple ID password*.
* If you log in to your Mac with your Apple ID, you need to change your Mac login password before setting up two-factor authentication.
Where is two-step verification available?
Two-step verification is available in the countries and regions below for existing accounts.
Antigua and Barbuda
British Virgin Islands
Central African Republic
Congo, Democratic Republic
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Vincent and Grenadines
Sao Tome and Principe
Trinidad and Tobago
Turks and Caicos Islands
United Arab Emirates
Information about products not manufactured by Apple, or independent websites not controlled or tested by Apple, is provided without recommendation or endorsement. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the selection, performance, or use of third-party websites or products. Apple makes no representations regarding third-party website accuracy or reliability. Contact the vendor for additional information.