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Xsan: How to adjust the journal size

Learn how to adjust an Xsan volume's journal size.

Prior to Xsan 2.2, new Xsan volumes were created with a default journal size of 16 megabytes. While appropriate for many Xsan volumes, this journal size may be insufficient for volumes with larger block sizes. Generally, the journal size should be at least 1024 times larger than the block size. When the journal is too small, performance of metadata operations can be decreased. In extreme cases, a journal that is too small can result in a volume that can start but cannot be mounted.

Changing the journal size can be done without reinitializing the volume. You should first back up your Xsan configuration on your metadata controllers, back up any data, and test the changes in a test environment before implementing them in a production environment.

How To Change the Journal Size

  1. Stop the Xsan volume after unmounting it on all Xsan clients and controllers.

  2. Use the cvfsck command to ensure the consistency of the volume and make any necessary repairs before proceeding.

  3. Locate the Xsan volume's configuration file on the metadata controllers. On metadata controllers running OS X Lion v10.7 and newer, it will be located at /Library/Preferences/Xsan/VolumeName.cfg. On Mac OS X v10.6 metadata controllers, it will be located at /Library/Filesystems/Xsan/config/VolumeName.cfg.

  4. Using these guidelines, edit the volume configuration file to adjust the JournalSize parameter. Select a new journal size based on the volume's filesystem block size (FsBlockSize):

    4K, 8K, or 16K 16M
    32K 32M
    64K 64M
    128K 128M
    256K 256M
    512K 512M

    For example, an Xsan volume with filesystem block size of 64K and a journal of 16M will have these two lines in the global section of its configuration file:

    FsBlockSize        64K
    JournalSize        16M

    To change the journal size to the recommended size of 64M, update the value on the JournalSize line as shown here:

    JournalSize        64M
  5. Repeat the volume configuration file changes on all other metadata controllers that control the volume. The volume configuration file must be the same on all controllers.

  6. Execute this Terminal command from the primary controller to update the journal size:

    sudo cvupdatefs VolumeName

    You should see output like this:

    The following changes have been detected in the configuration
    Please review these changes carefully.
    Stripe Group Name  Stripe Status  MetaData   Journal
    =================  =============  ========   =======
    MetadataAndJourna  No Change      No Change  Resize   
    Data               No Change                          
    
    This will modify the file system "VolumeName".
    Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] y
    
    Attempting to acquire arbitration block... successful.
    Flushing journal entries...  done
    Freeing old journal space...
    Allocating new journal space...
    Flushing buffers...
    Updating ICB information...
    Updating SuperBlock information...
    *Warning*: File system 'VolumeName' was modified. 
    
  7. Start and mount the volume.

Important: Information about products not manufactured by Apple is provided for information purposes only and does not constitute Apple’s recommendation or endorsement. Please contact the vendor for additional information.
Last Modified: Aug 22, 2013
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  • Last Modified: Aug 22, 2013
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