Mac notebooks: Key placement and functions

Over time the layout and placement of special keys on the Mac notebook's keyboards have changed. Learn about the key placement and functions on Mac notebook computers.

The User Guide for your Mac notebook will have more information on the keys specific to your Mac, but you can use the images below for reference. For assistance identifying your Apple product, use the Tech Specs page or these articles:

Find your keyboard's illustration and information below by using these links:

MacBook Air (Mid 2011) and later, MacBook Pro (Retina, Mid 2012), MacBook Pro (Retina, 13-inch, Late 2012 and later), and MacBook Pro (Retina, 15-inch, Early 2013 and later)

F1 - Reduce display brightness
F2 - Increase display brightness
F3 - Mission Control
F4 - Launchpad
F5 - Reduce keyboard brightness
F6 - Increase keyboard brightness
F7 - Previous track
F8 - Play/Pause
F9 - Next track
F10 - Mute
F11 - Volume down
F12 - Volume up

MacBook Pro (Late 2011) and later, MacBook Pro (Early 2011) with OS X Lion

F1 - Reduce display brightness
F2 - Increase display brightness
F3 - Mission Control
F4 - Launchpad
F5 - Reduce keyboard brightness
F6 - Increase keyboard brightness
F7 - Previous track
F8 - Play/Pause
F9 - Next track
F10 - Mute
F11 - Volume down
F12 - Volume up 

MacBook Air (Late 2010)

F1 - Reduce display brightness
F2 - Increase display brightness
F3 - Exposé
F4 - Dashboard
F5 - Reduce keyboard brightness
F6 - Increase keyboard brightness
F7 - Previous track
F8 - Play/Pause
F9 - Next track
F10 - Mute
F11 - Volume down
F12 - Volume up 

MacBook (Late 2007 through Mid 2010), MacBook Air (Original through Mid 2009), MacBook Pro (Early 2008 through Early 2011 with Snow Leopard Mac OS X 10.6)

  • MacBook (13-inch, Mid 2010)
  • MacBook (13-inch, Late 2009)
  • MacBook (13-inch, Mid 2009)
  • MacBook (13-inch, Early 2009)
  • MacBook (13-inch, Aluminum, Late 2008)
  • MacBook (13-inch, Late 2008)
  • MacBook (13-inch, Early 2008)
  • MacBook (13-inch Late 2007)
  • MacBook Air (Mid 2009)
  • MacBook Air (Late 2008)
  • MacBook Air (Original)
  • MacBook Pro (Early 2011) with Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard
  • MacBook Pro (Mid 2010)
  • MacBook Pro (Mid 2009)
  • MacBook Pro (17-inch, Early 2009)
  • MacBook Pro (Late 2008)
  • MacBook Pro (Early 2008)

 

F1 - Reduce display brightness
F2 - Increase display brightness
F3 - Exposé
F4 - Dashboard
F5 - Reduce keyboard brightness
F6 - Increase keyboard brightness
F7 - Previous track
F8 - Play/Pause
F9 - Next track
F10 - Mute
F11 - Volume down
F12 - Volume up

MacBook (13-inch Mid 2007), MacBook (13-inch Late 2006), and MacBook (13-inch)

F1 - Reduce display brightness
F2 - Increase display brightness
F3 - Mute
F4 - Volume Down
F5 - Volume Up
F6 - Num Lock
F7 - Toggle Display Mode

MacBook Pro (17-inch 2.4GHz), MacBook Pro (15-inch 2.4/2.2GHz), MacBook Pro (17-inch Core 2 Duo), MacBook Pro (15-inch Core 2 Duo), MacBook Pro (17-inch), and MacBook Pro (15-inch)

F1 - Reduce display brightness
F2 - Increase display brightness
F3 - Mute
F4 - Volume Down
F5 - Volume Up
F6 - Num Lock
F7 - Toggle Display Mode
F8 - Turn on/off keyboard backlight 
F9 - Reduce keyboard brightness
F10 - Increase keyboard brightness

Learn more

   

Additional Exposé functions

  • Keyboards with the Exposé key on OS X v10.6.8 and earlier have expanded Exposé functions:
    • Pressing the Exposé key - Exposé (all windows)
    • Pressing Control and Exposé key - Exposé (application windows)
    • Pressing Command and Exposé key - Exposé (desktop)
  • Keyboards with the Exposé key on OS X 10.7 Lion go to Mission Control when the key is pressed.

Additional key behaviors

  • The Numlock key has been removed on Late 2007 and later Mac notebooks.
  • Home key functionality is performed by pressing Fn (Function) and Left Arrow key.
  • End key functionality is performed by pressing Fn and Right Arrow key.
  • Page Up key functionality is performed by pressing Fn and Up Arrow key.
  • Page Down key functionality is performed by pressing Fn and Down Arrow key.

Additional controls for external displays

  • To toggle between Extended Desktop and Video Mirroring when using an external display, press Command and F1 on Late 2007 Mac notebooks and later.
  • To detect displays, press Command and F2 on Late 2007 Mac notebooks and later.
Last Modified: Oct 21, 2014
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  • Last Modified: Oct 21, 2014
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